The Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses is one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of the 20th century. Located near the Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of China, the site is home to thousands of life-size terracotta warriors and horses that were buried to protect the emperor in his afterlife. The discovery of the terracotta army in 1974 was a remarkable archaeological find, and it has become one of the most visited tourist attractions in China.
History of the Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses
The Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses were created during the reign of the first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang (259-210 BCE). Emperor Qin had the warriors and horses made in order to protect him in the afterlife, and it is estimated that there were originally over 8,000 figures, including infantrymen, charioteers, cavalrymen, and officers. The figures were made of terracotta and were painted in bright colors.
The Excavation of the Warriors and Horses
The Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses were discovered in 1974 by local farmers who were digging a well. The farmers uncovered the first figures and notified the local archaeological authorities. Excavations began shortly thereafter and revealed a massive site that contained thousands of terracotta figures. The excavation site has since been developed into a museum, and it is one of the most visited tourist attractions in China.
The Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses is a must-see for any visitor to China. The museum covers an area of 22,000 square meters and is divided into three sections: Pit 1, Pit 2, and Pit 3. Pit 1 is the largest and contains the most impressive figures, including chariots, infantry, and cavalry. Pit 2 contains mainly infantry figures, while Pit 3 contains only a few figures.
The museum also contains artifacts from the Qin Dynasty, such as weapons, tools, coins, and other objects. In addition, there is a museum shop where visitors can purchase souvenirs and a restaurant where they can sample traditional Chinese cuisine.
The Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses is one of the most remarkable archaeological discoveries of the 20th century. It is a must-see for any visitor to China and provides a unique insight into the culture and history of the Qin Dynasty. Visitors to the museum can marvel at the life-size terracotta figures, explore the artifacts from the Qin Dynasty, and sample traditional Chinese cuisine.