Templo Mayor is a Mesoamerican archaeological site located in the historic center of Mexico City, the capital of Mexico. The site was the main temple of the Mexica people, who were also known as the Aztecs. It was the center of their religious and political life and was dedicated to the god Huitzilopochtli and the goddess Tlaloc. The ruins of the Templo Mayor are located near the Zocalo, the main plaza of Mexico City.
The Templo Mayor was built in the 14th century by the Mexica people, who were the dominant culture in the region at the time. The temple was the main religious center of the Mexica and was dedicated to the god Huitzilopochtli and the goddess Tlaloc. The temple was built in stages and was completed in 1487. It was surrounded by a large precinct, which included other temples, palaces, and markets. The temple was destroyed in 1521 when the Spanish conquistadors, led by Hernán Cortés, invaded the city and destroyed most of the Aztec buildings.
The site of the Templo Mayor was rediscovered in 1978 when workers were digging a sewer line in Mexico City. The ruins of the temple were found beneath the ground and have since been excavated. The ruins have revealed a wealth of artifacts and information about the Aztec culture and religion. The site has become a popular tourist attraction and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Templo Mayor was a large and complex structure. It was composed of two main temples, one dedicated to Huitzilopochtli and the other to Tlaloc, as well as a number of smaller temples and shrines. The main temple was constructed of stone and covered with stucco and brightly painted with images of gods and symbols. The temple was surrounded by a large plaza and a large precinct, which included other temples, palaces, and markets.
The ruins of the Templo Mayor have revealed a wealth of artifacts, including pottery, stone sculptures, jewelry, and other objects. Many of these artifacts are on display in the Templo Mayor Museum, which is located near the ruins. The museum also houses a collection of documents and manuscripts related to the Aztec culture.
The Templo Mayor is an important archaeological site and a popular tourist attraction in Mexico City. The ruins of the temple have revealed a wealth of artifacts and information about the Aztec culture and religion. The site is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is home to the Templo Mayor Museum, which houses a collection of artifacts and documents related to the Aztec culture.