The Albufera Natural Park is one of the most important protected areas of Valencia. Located in the south of the city, it is a unique wetland, with a huge variety of habitats, fauna and flora. This park has been declared a Natural Park by the Valencian Government in 1986 and since then it has been the object of a careful conservation management.
The beauty of Albufera
The Albufera Natural Park is located in the Albufera de Valencia, a lagoon located south of the city of Valencia, connected to the Mediterranean Sea by a narrow channel of about 2 km. It is a place of great beauty, with a large variety of habitats, such as dunes, lagoons, wetlands, marshes and coastal dunes. The beauty of this area is enhanced by the presence of numerous species of birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish and mammals.
History of Albufera
The history of the Albufera Natural Park dates back to the 13th century, when the first settlers began to inhabit the area. Since then, the area has been subject to many changes, due to its strategic location. During the 19th century, the area was used for fishing and agriculture, and it was also used as a military base during the Spanish Civil War. In 1986, it was declared a Natural Park, in order to protect the area from further development.
Flora and Fauna
The Albufera Natural Park is home to a large variety of flora and fauna. The most common trees are the holm oak, Aleppo pine, olive tree and black poplar. The area is also home to a large number of birds, such as the flamingo, mallard, red-knobbed coot, purple heron and the common shelduck. Other animals that inhabit the park are reptiles, amphibians, fish and mammals such as the wild boar, hare and rabbit.
The Albufera Natural Park offers a wide range of activities for visitors. There are several trails and paths for hiking, as well as bike routes and bird watching. Visitors can also enjoy the many water sports, such as sailing, windsurfing and kayaking. The park also has an educational centre, where visitors can learn about the history and nature of the area.
The Albufera Natural Park is open to the public all year round. Visitors can access the park by car or by public transport. There are several car parks and bus stops near the park, and it is also possible to take a boat from the nearby port of Valencia. Visitors should be aware that some areas of the park may be closed due to conservation reasons.
The Albufera Natural Park is an important protected area in Valencia. It is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna, and offers a range of activities for visitors. Whether you are looking for a peaceful walk in nature or a more active experience, the Albufera Natural Park is the perfect destination for a day out.