Antoni Gaudi’s Sagrada Familia is one of the most iconic landmarks in Barcelona, Spain. The unfinished basilica, designed by Antoni Gaudi, has been under construction for more than 130 years and is expected to be completed in 2026.
History of the Sagrada Familia
The Sagrada Familia began construction in 1882, when a Catalan architect named Francisco de Paula del Villar was hired to design the church. However, the project was soon taken over by Antoni Gaudi, who redesigned the basilica and incorporated his unique, modernist style. Gaudi worked on the project for the next 43 years until his death in 1926, and the Sagrada Familia has been under construction ever since.
Architecture and Design
Gaudi’s design for the Sagrada Familia is a combination of Gothic and Art Nouveau styles. He incorporated a variety of shapes and curves, as well as intricate stone carvings, to create an unmistakable design. The basilica is composed of eighteen spires, representing the Twelve Apostles, the Virgin Mary, and four evangelists. Inside, the basilica features an impressive central nave and several side chapels, all of which are decorated with colorful mosaics and stained glass windows.
The Sagrada Familia has three main facades: the Nativity Facade, the Passion Facade, and the Glory Facade. The Nativity Facade, which was designed by Gaudi, is the most recognizable and features a sculpture of Jesus surrounded by various animals. The Passion Facade was designed by architect Josep Maria Subirachs and depicts the crucifixion of Jesus. The Glory Facade, which is still under construction, will feature sculptures of angels and will serve as the main entrance to the basilica.
Construction and Restoration
Construction on the Sagrada Familia has been ongoing since Gaudi’s death in 1926. The project has been overseen by several architects, including Josep Maria Subirachs and Jordi Bonet. In recent years, a major restoration project has been underway to repair damage caused by weather and other factors. The restoration project has included the installation of a new roof, the repair of the spires, and the restoration of the stained glass windows.
Antoni Gaudi’s Sagrada Familia is an iconic landmark in Barcelona, Spain. The basilica, which has been under construction for more than 130 years, is a unique combination of Gothic and Art Nouveau styles and features intricate stone carvings, colorful mosaics, and stained glass windows. Construction and restoration efforts are ongoing, and the basilica is expected to be completed in 2026.