Buen Retiro Park: Discovering Madrid’s Stunning Urban Oasis

Buen Retiro Park: Discovering Madrid's Stunning Urban Oasis

Buen Retiro Park: A Beautiful Oasis in the Heart of Madrid


Buen Retiro Park, also known as El Retiro, is the largest park in Madrid, covering an area of 350 acres. It is a beautiful oasis in the heart of the city, where locals and tourists gather to enjoy nature, art, and culture. In this article, we will explore the history of Buen Retiro Park and the many attractions it has to offer.


The park was originally a royal garden, created by King Philip IV in the 17th century. The gardens were designed with fountains, statues, and pavilions, and were exclusively used by the royal family. After the fall of the monarchy, the park was opened to the public and became a popular gathering place for Madrid’s citizens.

During the Spanish Civil War, the park was damaged and many of its buildings were destroyed. However, in the following years, it was restored and opened to the public once again. Today, it is a symbol of Madrid’s rich history and cultural heritage.


Crystal Palace

One of the most iconic buildings in the park is the Crystal Palace. It was built in 1887 for the Philippine Exhibition, and its design was inspired by London’s Crystal Palace. The building is made entirely of glass and iron, and it is surrounded by a beautiful pond and gardens. Today, the Crystal Palace is used as an exhibition hall for contemporary art.

Monuments and Statues

  • The Fallen Angel: This statue depicts Lucifer falling from heaven and is the only public statue of the devil in Spain.
  • The Fountain of the Fallen Angel: This fountain is located near the statue of the Fallen Angel and is one of the most photographed places in the park.
  • The Alfonso XII Monument: This monument is dedicated to King Alfonso XII, who was responsible for many of the changes and improvements made to the park in the 19th century.

Lake and Rowboats

The lake at Buen Retiro Park is a popular spot for visitors. You can rent rowboats and paddle around the lake, enjoying the view of the park and the surrounding buildings. There are also cafes and restaurants nearby where you can sit and relax.

Sunsets at the Park

One of the most beautiful times to visit Buen Retiro Park is during sunset. The colors of the sky reflecting off the buildings and the water creates a breathtaking view. Many locals gather at the park during this time to enjoy the beauty and peacefulness of nature in the heart of the city.


Buen Retiro Park is a must-visit attraction in Madrid. It is a beautiful oasis in the heart of the city, where you can relax, enjoy nature, and appreciate Spain’s rich history and culture. With its monuments, statues, and crystal palace, there is something for everyone to enjoy. If you plan on visiting Madrid, make sure to spend some time at this stunning park.

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