Explore the Ancient Derinkuyu Underground City

Derinkuyu Underground is an ancient underground city located in Nevsehir Province, Turkey. The city is believed to have been built by the Phrygians, an Indo-European people, during the 8th–7th centuries BC. The city is made up of a complex network of tunnels and chambers, with an estimated total depth of approximately 60 meters (200 feet). The city was used as a refuge for the local people during times of invasion, and was able to house up to 20,000 people and their livestock.

History

The earliest known mention of Derinkuyu is in the writings of Xenophon, a Greek historian from the 5th century BC. He described the city as a “great underground fortress”. The city was later used by the Byzantines, Seljuks and Ottomans as a refuge from invading armies. The city was discovered in the early 1960s by a local man, Halil Edhem, who was searching for a lost sheep. He stumbled across an entrance to the city and it has been open to the public ever since.

Features

Derinkuyu is made up of several levels, with each level connected by tunnels and shafts. The deepest level is believed to have been used as a refuge during times of invasion, and could house up to 20,000 people and their livestock. The city is also equipped with ventilation shafts, which were used to keep the air fresh. The city also has large storage rooms, which were used to store food and supplies. It also has a large church, which is believed to have been used for religious ceremonies.

Modern Usage

Today, Derinkuyu is open to the public as a tourist attraction. Visitors can explore the tunnels and chambers of the city and learn about its history. The city is also used for archaeological research, and in recent years, several artifacts have been discovered in the city, including pottery, tools and coins.

Exploring Derinkuyu

Visitors to Derinkuyu can explore the tunnels and chambers of the city. The tunnels are lit and the temperature is cool, making it a great place to explore. The city also has several lookout points, which offer views of the surrounding countryside. Visitors can also visit the church, which is still in use today.

Safety

When visiting Derinkuyu, visitors should take safety precautions. The tunnels and chambers of the city can be slippery, so visitors should wear appropriate footwear. Additionally, visitors should be aware of their surroundings and take care not to get lost. Finally, visitors should not attempt to enter any areas that are not open to the public.

Conclusion

Derinkuyu is an amazing ancient city that is open to the public. Visitors can explore the tunnels and chambers of the city and learn about its history. The city is also used for archaeological research, and in recent years, several artifacts have been discovered in the city. When visiting Derinkuyu, visitors should take safety precautions and be aware of their surroundings.

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