The Emperor’s Silent Army is an ancient terracotta army of life-sized sculptures depicting the armies of the first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang. Discovered in 1974 by some local farmers digging a water well near the ancient capital city of Xianyang, the terracotta army has since become one of the most significant archaeological discoveries of the 20th century.
The Emperor’s Silent Army was built to accompany Qin Shi Huang in his afterlife. It was discovered in three pits near the emperor’s mausoleum, which was originally built in 246 BCE. The pits contain an estimated 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses, all of which were crafted out of terracotta. The figures vary in height, uniform and hairstyle in accordance with their rank in the army.
The Emperor’s Silent Army is considered one of the most significant archaeological discoveries of the 20th century, and it has shed light on the ancient Chinese civilization. It is also a testament to the sophistication of Chinese art and craftsmanship during the Qin dynasty. In 1987, the site was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
What makes the Emperor’s Silent Army so unique is that no two figures are exactly alike. Each figure is individually sculpted and decorated with intricate details such as facial expressions, clothing and hairstyles. Additionally, the figures are painted in vivid colors, and some are even equipped with weapons.
Since its discovery, the Emperor’s Silent Army has been carefully preserved and restored. The terracotta figures have been treated with a special wax coating to protect them from the elements, and the pits have been covered with a protective roof. In addition, the site has been opened to the public, allowing visitors to get up close and personal with the terracotta warriors.
The Emperor’s Silent Army is an impressive archaeological discovery that has captivated the world. It is a testament to the sophistication of Chinese art and craftsmanship, and it has been carefully preserved and restored for future generations to enjoy. Visitors to the site can marvel at the intricate details of the terracotta figures and appreciate the grandeur of the ancient Chinese civilization.