Grande île Strasbourg is a historic island in the heart of Strasbourg, France, located in the River Ill. The area has a rich history that dates back to the 10th century, when it was first settled by the Celts. Since then, it has been a key site for many different cultural and political events, from the Strasbourg Cathedral to the European Parliament.
The Grande île is the largest of four islands located in the middle of the River Ill. It is roughly triangular in shape, with the north-east side stretching from the Grande île Bridge to the south-west side of the island, ending at the Petite France district. It is connected to the mainland by four bridges: the Grande île Bridge, the Strasbourg Bridge, the Neustadt Bridge, and the Petite France Bridge.
The Grande île is home to some of the city’s most iconic landmarks, including the Strasbourg Cathedral, the Palais Rohan, the Place Kléber, and the Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art. It is also home to the European Parliament and the Council of Europe, as well as many of Strasbourg’s most popular restaurants and bars.
The Grande île has been inhabited since the 10th century, when it was first settled by the Celts. In 1262, Strasbourg became a free imperial city, and the Grande île became its political and economic centre. It was here that the city’s government was based, and the city’s first defensive walls were built. The Grande île was also the site of the signing of the Treaty of Strasbourg in 1681, which ended the Thirty Years’ War.
In the 18th century, the Grande île was the centre of the city’s cultural life, with the construction of the Strasbourg Cathedral and the Palais Rohan. The 19th century saw the construction of the Place Kléber and the Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, as well as the establishment of the European Parliament and the Council of Europe. The Grande île is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Grande île is home to some of Strasbourg’s most iconic attractions, including:
- Strasbourg Cathedral: This Gothic cathedral is one of the most impressive buildings in Strasbourg and a must-see for any visitor. It is home to the world’s tallest church spire and is the seat of the Archbishop of Strasbourg.
- Palais Rohan: This 18th-century palace is one of Strasbourg’s most impressive buildings. It was once the residence of the Prince-Bishops of Strasbourg and is now home to several museums.
- Place Kléber: This large square is the heart of the city and is home to many of its most popular restaurants and bars. It is also the site of the famous Christmas market.
- Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art: This museum is home to a collection of modern and contemporary art, with works by famous artists such as Picasso, Matisse, and Kandinsky.
European Parliament and Council of Europe
The Grande île is home to the European Parliament and the Council of Europe. The European Parliament is the legislative body of the European Union and is responsible for passing laws and overseeing the budget of the EU. The Council of Europe is an international organisation that promotes democracy, human rights, and the rule of law.
The Grande île is easily accessible by car, bus, or tram. The closest tram stop is the Grande île stop, located on the east side of the island. The nearest bus stop is at the Place Kléber, located in the centre of the island.
The Grande île is also accessible by boat, with several boat tour companies offering cruises around the island. These tours usually last around one hour and provide a great way to explore the area.