Exploring a Captivating Old Greek House in Cappadocia

Exploring a Captivating Old Greek House in Cappadocia

Cappadocia, located in Central Anatolia, Turkey, is an ancient region with a unique landscape, known for its old Greek houses. With its surreal rock formations, underground cities, and cave dwellings, Cappadocia is a wonder to behold.

History of Cappadocia

Cappadocia has a rich history that dates back to the Paleolithic period. It was inhabited by the Hittites, Phrygians, Persians, and Romans before the Greek Empire conquered the region in the 4th century BC. During the Byzantine period, Cappadocia was a center of Christianity and the first Christian churches were built in the area. The region was conquered by the Seljuks in the 11th century, and then the Ottomans in the 15th century.

Old Greek Houses in Cappadocia

The old Greek houses in Cappadocia were built in the late 4th century BC and were used by the Greeks as dwellings, workshops, and warehouses. These houses were typically two-story structures, with the first floor made of stone and the second floor constructed of mud-brick. The walls were thick and had small windows to keep the interior cool during the hot summer months.

The roofs were made of flat stones and were designed to collect rainwater. The interior of the houses were typically divided into two rooms, with a central area for cooking and storage. The houses were usually decorated with colorful frescoes and mosaics.

Cave Dwellings

Cappadocia is also known for its cave dwellings, which were carved out of the soft volcanic rock by the ancient Greeks. These dwellings were used as storage rooms, dwellings, and workshops. The caves were often connected to each other through tunnels and staircases, making them an ideal place to live. Some of these caves were even used as churches, as the area was a center of Christianity.

Underground Cities

Cappadocia is also home to numerous underground cities, which were built to protect the inhabitants from invading armies. These cities were built in the form of labyrinths, with multiple levels and passages connecting the various chambers. The cities were often equipped with wells, kitchens, and ventilation shafts, making them ideal for long-term habitation.


Cappadocia is an ancient region with a unique landscape, known for its old Greek houses, cave dwellings, and underground cities. Its history dates back to the Paleolithic period, and it has been inhabited by many different cultures throughout the centuries. The old Greek houses, cave dwellings, and underground cities are a testament to the region’s rich history and are a must-see for anyone visiting the area.

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