Perge is an ancient city located in the southern part of the Turkish province of Antalya. It is one of the most important archaeological sites in the region and has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1988. The ruins of the city are a testament to its long and vibrant history, as it was once an important trading center and the capital of the Pamphylia region.
History of Perge
The history of Perge dates back to the Bronze Age, when it was founded by the Hittites in the 13th century BC. During this period, the city was known as Parha and was an important trading center for the Hittites. In the 7th century BC, the city was conquered by the Lydians and renamed Parda. It then came under the rule of the Persians in the 6th century BC, and later the Greeks in the 4th century BC. In the 3rd century BC, the city was taken over by the Romans, who renamed it Perge. During this period, the city flourished and became the capital of the Roman province of Pamphylia.
Perge was a major city of the Roman Empire and was known for its magnificent monuments, temples, and public buildings. The city was renowned for its monumental theater, which could seat up to 15,000 people. The theater was built in the 2nd century AD and was used for theatrical performances, concerts, and gladiatorial games. The city was also home to several temples, including the Temple of Apollo, the Temple of Dionysus, and the Temple of Athena.
The Decline of Perge
The city of Perge began to decline in the 5th century AD, when it was sacked by the Goths. It was then conquered by the Arabs in the 7th century, and later by the Ottoman Turks in the 16th century. The city was abandoned in the 19th century and fell into ruin.
The Ruins of Perge
Today, the ruins of Perge are one of the most important archaeological sites in Turkey. The ruins include the monumental theater, several temples, a stadium, and a colonnaded street. The city also features a number of other monuments, including the Agora, the Nymphaion, and the monumental gateway.
The Archaeological Museum of Perge
The Archaeological Museum of Perge is located in the city and houses a collection of artifacts from the city’s long history. The museum features artifacts from the Bronze Age, the Hellenistic period, the Roman period, and the Byzantine period. The museum also features a number of sculptures, mosaics, and other objects from the city’s past.
Perge is now a popular tourist destination, and visitors can explore the ruins of the city and visit the archaeological museum. The city is also home to a number of restaurants, cafes, and shops.
Perge is an ancient city with a long and vibrant history. The ruins of the city are a testament to its past, and the Archaeological Museum of Perge houses a collection of artifacts from the city’s long history. Today, Perge is a popular tourist destination and visitors can explore the ruins of the city and visit the archaeological museum.