Pisa Cathedral is a medieval Roman Catholic cathedral dedicated to the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, in the Italian city of Pisa. It is an example of the Pisan Romanesque style, and is the seat of the Archbishops of Pisa. The cathedral is renowned for its incredible dome, the world’s largest brick dome, and the tall campanile, both of which are part of the Piazza del Duomo, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The cathedral was originally constructed in 1063, and was the fourth cathedral built on the site, the first having been constructed in the 5th century. It was consecrated by Pope Gelasius II in 1118. The cathedral underwent a major renovation in the 12th century, and the dome was added in the 13th century.
The cathedral is built in the Pisan Romanesque style, which is characterized by its use of round arches and strong horizontal and vertical lines. The façade of the cathedral is decorated with polychrome marble, and features a central rose window, two smaller side windows, and two doors.
The dome of the cathedral is the largest brick dome in the world, and is supported by four large piers. It is constructed of brick and marble, and is decorated with a mosaic of Christ in Majesty.
The campanile, or bell tower, of the cathedral is the most famous part of the structure. It stands at nearly 200 feet tall, and is constructed of white marble. It is decorated with sculptures of lions, lions’ heads, and other ornamental elements.
The interior of the cathedral is divided into three aisles, with a large central nave. It is decorated with a variety of frescoes, sculptures, and other works of art. The most famous of these is the pulpit, carved from white marble by Giovanni Pisano in 1302.
Pisa Cathedral is a beautiful example of Pisan Romanesque architecture, with its impressive dome and tall campanile. It is a must-see for any visitor to the city of Pisa, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.