Exploring Santiago Calatrava’s City of Arts and Sciences

Exploring Santiago Calatrava's City of Arts and Sciences

Santiago Calatrava City of Arts and Sciences is a cultural and architectural complex in the city of Valencia, Spain. It is the most emblematic and spectacular modern building in the city and is located in the former riverbed of the Turia River. The complex is composed of six elements: the Hemisfèric, the Umbracle, the Príncipe Felipe Science Museum, the Oceanogràfic, the Palau de les Arts Reina Sofia and the Ágora.


The Hemisfèric is an IMAX cinema and planetarium, designed by Santiago Calatrava. It was inaugurated on April 16, 1998, and is one of the most visited attractions in the City of Arts and Sciences. The building is in the shape of a giant eye, with an impressive arch of glass and steel that serves as the entrance to the building. Inside, visitors can enjoy a digital projection system that provides a unique experience.


The Umbracle is a covered walkway that serves as a garden and outdoor exhibition space. It is composed of a large curved structure made of concrete and glass, with a series of arches and columns that support the roof. The Umbracle is filled with plants, trees and flowers, creating a beautiful and relaxing environment. Inside, visitors can find sculptures, installations and other works of art.

Príncipe Felipe Science Museum

The Príncipe Felipe Science Museum is an interactive science museum that opened in 2000. The museum is divided into three main areas: the Hall of Science, the Planetarium and the Auditorium. The Hall of Science is a hands-on exhibition area where visitors can learn about science and technology through interactive displays and activities. The Planetarium is a large dome that projects images of the night sky, while the Auditorium offers lectures and seminars.


The Oceanogràfic is an oceanarium that opened in 2003. It is the largest aquarium in Europe and is home to over 45,000 animals from 500 different species. The Oceanogràfic is divided into different areas, each with its own theme. These include the Mediterranean, the Arctic, the Antarctic, the Tropics and the Islands. Inside, visitors can find dolphins, seals, penguins, sharks, turtles and more.

Palau de les Arts Reina Sofia

The Palau de les Arts Reina Sofia is an opera house and performing arts centre that opened in 2005. It is home to the Valencia Symphony Orchestra, the National Ballet of Spain and the Valencian Institute of Modern Art. The building is composed of four levels and features a large auditorium, rehearsal rooms and a restaurant.


The Ágora is an open-air plaza that opened in 2009. It is used for a variety of events, including concerts, exhibitions and other performances. The Ágora is composed of a large square surrounded by trees and a large stage in the centre. It is a popular spot for locals and visitors alike.

Santiago Calatrava City of Arts and Sciences is one of the most impressive and iconic modern buildings in Spain. It is a great example of architecture, science and culture coming together to create a unique and beautiful destination. From the Hemisfèric to the Ágora, the City of Arts and Sciences is an experience that should not be missed.

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