Tulum is an ancient Mayan city located in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. It is the only Mayan city built on the coast of the Caribbean Sea and is considered one of the most important archaeological sites of the Mayan world. The city is perched on a 12-meter (39-foot) high cliff overlooking the Caribbean Sea, and it was an important trading center during the height of the Mayan civilization.
History of Tulum
Tulum was built in the late 13th century and reached its peak in the 15th century. During this time, the city was an important trading port for the Mayan people, exchanging goods such as salt, jade, and other precious stones. Tulum was also an important religious center, with the main temple dedicated to the god of wind, Ixchel. In addition, there are several other smaller temples dedicated to other gods, such as the god of war, Chac.
The city was abandoned in the late 16th century, most likely due to the collapse of the Mayan civilization. It was rediscovered in the early 20th century and has since become a popular tourist destination. It is estimated that Tulum was home to between 1,500 and 1,800 people during its peak.
Tulum Archaeological Site
The Tulum archaeological site is located in the Yucatán Peninsula and covers an area of about 25 hectares (62 acres). The city is divided into three main areas: the walled city, the beach, and the main plaza. The walled city is located on the top of the cliff and is surrounded by a thick stone wall that is still standing today. Inside the walled city are the main temple, other smaller temples, and the palace. The beach is located at the base of the cliff and is accessible by a staircase. The main plaza is located in the center of the city and is surrounded by several smaller buildings.
The main temple is one of the most impressive structures at Tulum. It is dedicated to the god of wind, Ixchel, and is located at the highest point of the city. The temple is decorated with intricate carvings and is surrounded by four columns. Other smaller temples can be found throughout the city, such as the Temple of the Descending God, which is dedicated to the god of rain, Chac. The Palace is another impressive structure and is believed to have been used as the residence of the city’s rulers.
Tulum is a popular tourist destination and is visited by thousands of people each year. The archaeological site can be explored on foot or by bike. There are also several tours available that offer guided tours of the site. The main temple and other structures can be explored up close, and the views from the top of the cliff are breathtaking. In addition, there are several restaurants and shops located near the site.
Tulum is an impressive archaeological site that offers visitors a glimpse into the past. The city is home to some of the most impressive structures of the Mayan world, and the views from the top of the cliff are spectacular. Exploring the site on foot or by bike is a great way to experience the beauty of Tulum and learn more about the Mayan civilization.