The Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses West Gate is a museum located in China that holds the greatest archaeological discovery of the 20th century. The museum houses the famous terracotta warriors and horses of the Qin Dynasty, the first unified dynasty of China. It is one of the most visited tourist attractions in China, drawing millions of visitors every year.
History of the Museum
The museum was established in 1974, the same year the terracotta warriors and horses were discovered by a group of local farmers in Xi’an, Shaanxi Province. Since then, the museum has been dedicated to preserving and displaying these ancient relics. The museum was expanded in 1979, when it was designated as one of the key cultural relics protection sites in China.
The Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses
The terracotta warriors and horses are the most iconic artifacts in the museum. They were created to guard the tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty. The terracotta figures, which were sculpted in the 3rd century BC, depict warriors and horses in battle formation. They are the earliest known life-sized sculptures in China and are considered to be one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of the 20th century.
The Warriors and Horses of the East Gate
The East Gate of the museum is home to the most impressive terracotta warriors and horses. This section of the museum contains over two thousand life-sized figures, which are arranged in battle formation. It also features a chariot and horse team, as well as a large number of weapons such as swords, spears, and crossbows.
The Warriors and Horses of the West Gate
The West Gate of the museum is home to the lesser known terracotta warriors and horses. This section of the museum contains over one thousand life-sized figures, which are arranged in a less organized manner. It also features a chariot and horse team, as well as a smaller number of weapons such as swords, spears, and crossbows.
Other Artifacts in the Museum
In addition to the terracotta warriors and horses, the museum also houses a variety of other artifacts. These include bronze weapons, jade artifacts, stone carvings, pottery, and ancient coins. The museum also contains a large collection of ancient documents, paintings, and calligraphy.
Visiting the Museum
The Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses West Gate is open daily from 8:00am to 5:00pm. Admission is free for children under 6 years old, and discounted tickets are available for students, seniors, and disabled people. Visitors are advised to bring their own water and snacks, as food and drinks are not available inside the museum.
The Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses West Gate is a must-see for anyone interested in Chinese history and culture. The terracotta warriors and horses are an impressive sight and a reminder of the power of the ancient Chinese empire. Visitors will come away with a greater understanding and appreciation of this ancient culture.