Termessos Ancient City: A Historic Wonder
Termessos is an ancient city located in the Güllük Dağı National Park in southwestern Turkey. It was founded by the Solims, a Pisidian tribe, and became an important city-state in the Hellenistic period. It has a fascinating history and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000.
Location and History
Termessos is located 30 kilometers from the city of Antalya, at an altitude of 1000 meters. The city was founded by the Solims, a Pisidian tribe, in the 4th century BCE. The city was later ruled by the Persians, Alexander the Great, and the Seleucid Empire. It was then conquered by the Romans in the 2nd century BCE and remained a part of the Roman Empire until the 5th century CE.
Architecture and Sites
Termessos is renowned for its impressive Hellenistic and Roman architecture. The city is surrounded by a defensive wall, which was built in the 4th century BCE and is still standing today. Inside the city walls are the ruins of a theatre, temples, a gymnasium, and an agora. The most impressive site in Termessos is the Akropolis, which is located on a hill overlooking the city.
Termessos is home to many interesting species of plants and animals. It is the only place in the world where the rare Mediterranean spurge (Euphorbia termessos) can be found. The city is also home to the endangered species of griffon vulture, which nests in the cliffs surrounding the city.
Termessos is a popular tourist destination, and visitors can explore the ruins of the ancient city, take in the stunning views, and observe the unique wildlife. Visitors can also take a guided tour of the city, which includes a visit to the ancient theatre and the Akropolis.
The easiest way to get to Termessos is to take a bus from Antalya to the Güllük Dağı National Park. From there, visitors can take a taxi to the entrance of the ancient city.
Termessos is an ancient city with a fascinating history and impressive architecture. It is home to many rare species of plants and animals, and it is a popular tourist destination. Visiting Termessos is a great way to experience the history and beauty of the region.